Her temple in Rome was situated on the Aventine Hill and was erected in the 6th century BC but was destroyed by the great fire during the reign of the Emperor Nero. The Greek counterpart of the ancient Roman goddess Luna was Selene.
Facts about Luna
Luna features in the Creation myth of the ancients. Just as Helios personified the sun, so his sister Selene represented the moon, and was supposed to drive her chariot across the sky whilst her brother was resting after the toils of the day.
Alternate Names: Roman counterpart Selene
Role & Function: Luna is described as being the goddess of the moon
Symbols: The crescent moon and the two-yoke chariot (biga). She was often depicted with the crescent of the moon above her forehead
Patron: She is often depicted as a pale woman riding in a silver chariot, and was a patroness of charioteers
Status: A goddess in the second dynasty of Titans
Name of Consorts: Endymion and Jupiter
Name of Father: Hyperion
Name of Mother: Theia
Names of Brothers: Sol
Names of Sisters: Aurora
Names of Children: Pandeia, Herse, and Nemeia by Jupiter. The Menae by Endymion (50 goddesses of the lunar months and the phases of the moon
Luna and Endymion
Luna greatly admired a beautiful young shepherd named Endymion, to whom Jupiter had accorded the privilege of eternal youth, combined with the faculty of sleeping whenever he desired, and as long as he wished. Seeing this lovely youth fast asleep on Mount Latmus, Luna was so struck with his beauty, that she came down every night from heaven to watch over and protect him.
The Worship of Luna, the Roman goddess of the moon
The Romans were highly practical and believed that their gods and goddesses controlled everything in their lives and therefore every occupation and task had its presiding Roman goddess or god. Luna the Roman goddess of the moon was worshipped in the same way as any other Roman divinity with prayers and making vows, dedicating altars, sacrificing animals, birds and offerings of milk, honey, grain, fruit, cakes, flowers, perfumes and wine. White animals were sacrificed to the goddesses of the upper world whereas black victims to the deities of the Underworld. The sex of a sacrificial animal had to correspond to the sex of the goddess to whom it was offered. The blood sacrifices made to Luna, the goddess of the moon, would therefore have been a white ewe, cow or heifer, sow, hen or other female birds and conducted outside her temple on the Aventine Hill in Rome.