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Roman Goddesses

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Roman Goddesses
The Roman Goddesses are a combination of Roman deities and those of different civilizations, mainly the Greeks. The Romans habitually assimilated various elements from other cultures and civilisations, including the goddesses that were worshipped by the ancient Greeks. When the Roman Empire conquered the Greeks in 146BC many of the Greek  goddesses were adopted by the Romans who changed their names to Latin equivalents.

Examples of the counterparts of Greek and Roman Goddesses are Juno and Hera, Demeter and Ceres, Hestia and Vesta, Artemis and Diana, Athena and Minerva, Aphodite and Venus and Persephone and Proserpina.

Roles and Names of famous Roman Goddesses who sat on the Council of the Gods
The most famous of all the Roman Goddesses were the 'Dei Consentes' who sat on the Council of Gods. The domains, realms and roles of the principle Roman Goddesses according the Roman Mythology were as follows: 

  • The goddess of the marriage and Queen of the heavens was Juno
  • The goddess of love and beauty was Venus
  • The goddess of agriculture and cereals was Ceres
  • The goddess of wisdom was Minerva
  • The goddess of the hunt and the moon was Diana
  • The goddess of the home and hearth was Vesta
  • The goddess of the Underworld was Proserpina

Names of Minor Roman Goddesses
The names of some of the notable, but minor Roman Goddesses were as follows:

  • Abundantia was the Goddess of Abundance and Prosperity
  • Aurora, goddess of the dawn
  • Bellona goddess of war
  • Bubona was the Goddess of cattle
  • Candelifera was the Goddess of childbirth
  • Carmenta was the Goddess of Childbirth and Prophecy
  • Clementia was the Goddess of forgiveness and mercy
  • Cloacina was the Goddess who presided over the sewers in Rome
  • Concordia was the Goddess of agreement
  • Cybele, fertility goddess
  • Deverra was the Goddess of midwives and women in labor
  • Discordia was the Goddess of Strife and Discord
  • Edesia was the Goddess of food who presided over banquets
  • Fama was the Goddess of fame and rumor
  • Fauna was the Goddess of Animals
  • Felicitas was the Goddess of good luck and success
  • Fides was the Goddess of loyalty
  • Flora was the Goddess of Flowers and Spring
  • Fortuna was the Goddess of Fortune
  • Hekate the Roman Goddess of Magic
  • Hespera was the Goddess of dusk
  • Hippona was the Goddess of horses
  • Invidia was the Goddess of envy or jealousy
  • Iris was the Goddess of the rainbow
  • Justitia was the Goddess of justice
  • Juventas was the Goddess of youth
  • Latona, motherhood and modesty
  • Libertas was the Goddess of freedom
  • Libitina was the Goddess of death, corpses and funerals
  • Luna was the Goddess of the moon
  • Mater Matuta, goddess of dawn and childbirth, patroness of mariners.
  • Muta was the Goddess of silence
  • Necessitas was the Goddess of destiny
  • Nemesis was the Goddess of revenge
  • Ops was the Goddess of Fertility
  • Pietas was the Goddess of duty
  • Pomona was the Goddess of fruit trees
  • Spes was the Goddess of hope
  • Tempestes was the Goddess of storms
  • Tranquillitas was the Goddess of peace and tranquillity
  • Trivia, goddess of magic and crossroads
  • Veritas was the Goddess of virtue and truth
  • Victoria was the Goddess of victory
  • Voluptas was the Goddess of pleasure

Ancient Rome and Roman Goddesses
The ancient Roman religion and the worship of Roman Goddesses significantly differed from that of the Greeks. The Roman Goddesses were more practical as opposed to the romantic notions of the Greeks. Every vocation and every household transaction had its presiding Roman goddesses. Roman religion was officially endorsed by the state and exerted considerable influence over the government of Rome. The Roman Goddesses and gods were consulted before important decisions were made, such as going to war. Rites and ceremonies were practised to interpret the will of the gods and goddesses by studying various omens such as the the entrails of animals, the flight patterns of the birds and the interpretation of dreams and natural phenomena. The Romans also practised blood sacrifices.

Sacrifices to Roman Goddesses
Roman Goddesses were worshipped at every public event, including the gladiatorial games, where blood sacrifices were made to the Roman Goddesses. A marble altar was set in the middle of the arena of the Roman Colosseum complete with a burning fire. The altar at the Colosseum was dedicated to the worship of of Diana, Pluto and Jupiter. The sex of the sacrificial animal had to correspond to the sex of the god to whom it was offered. White animals were sacrificed to the gods of the upper world whereas black victims to the deities of the under world. A cow, bull or an ox was the most common animal selected for sacrifice. Other sacrifices to Roman goddesses were milk, honey, flowers and perfumes.

Gods and Deities
Roman Goddesses

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