Who were the Demigods?
Who were the Demigods? Definition of Demigods: Demigods were the offspring of a deity and mortal, half-gods, who were invariably renown for their courage and great strength. Many of the ancient gods, like Zeus, had children as a result of their romantic involvement with mortals. Demigods, being part god and part mortal, had great powers and abilities and often featured in the mythology of the Ancient Greeks and Romans. The Demigods were fabulous famous heroes such as Achilles, Hercules, Theseus and Perseus.
List of Famous Greek and Roman Demigods
The following list contains the names of many famous Greek and Roman demigods who featured in the legends from classical mythology:
Achilles was one of the demigods and the son of Thetis, a minor sea-goddess and Peleus, the king of Myrmidons
Aeacus was one of the demigods and the son of a son of Zeus and Aegina who was the daughter of a river god. He was the father of Telamon and Peleus and grandfather of Ajax and Achilles
Aeneas was one of the demigods and the son of the goddess Aphrodite and Prince Anchises
Amphion was one of the demigods and a son of Zeus and Antiope
Arcas was one of the demigods and a son of Zeus and Callisto a nymph and minor goddess associated with Aphrodite
Clymene was one of the demigods and the daughter of the Titan gods Oceanus and Tethys
Dardanus was a demigod and a son of Zeus and Electra who was the daughter of Atlas
Epaphus was one of the demigods and a son of Zeus and Io, a priestess of the goddess Hera
Harmonia was one of the demigods and a daughter of Zeus and Electra
Helen of Troy was one of the demigods and a daughter of Zeus and Leda who was queen of Sparta
Hercules (Heracles in Greek) was a demigod and a son of Zeus (Roman equivalent Jupiter) and the mortal Alcmene
Iasus was a demigod and a son of Zeus and Electra (one of the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione). He was the brother of Dardanus
Memnon was one of the demigods and the son of Tithonus and Eos, aka Aurora, who was a Titan goddess of the dawn
Orion was one of the demigods and a son of the sea god Poseidon and Euryale
Orpheus was one of the demigods and a son of Calliope and the god Apollo
Perseus was one of the demigods and a son of Zeus and Danae
Pollux was one of the demigods and a son of Zeus and the mortal Leda. He was the twin brother of Castor
Theseus was one of the demigods and a son of Poseidon and Aethra
Tityos was one of the demigods and a son of Zeus and Elara
Zethes was one of the demigods and a son of Boreas (the Greek god of the cold north wind and the bringer of winter) and Oreithyia, daughter of King Erechtheus of Athens. His brother was Calais
Legends of Famous Demigods
There are many myths and legends surrounding the Greek demigods, some of the most famous stories about demigods were documented in the Iliad and the Odyssey by the Greek writer Homer. The most famous of the demigods were Achilles, Hercules, Theseus, Perseus and Helen of Troy. A short summary of the mythology surrounding these famous Greek demigods are detailed below.
Myths of Famous Demigods - Achilles
There are many myths and legend surrounding the Greek Demigod Achilles. According to Greek mythology Achilles was a demigod and the son of Thetis, a minor sea-goddess and Peleus, the king of Myrmidons, an ancient tribe of Greece. He is famous for being the stongest and the bravest of all the Greeks who fought in the Trojan War. His mother, Thetis, dipped Achilles into the River Styx when he was a baby and he was made invulnerable, except at the heel by which she held him.
During the Trojan war Achilles quarrelled with Agamemnon and he refused to take part in further battles. Achilles allowed his much loved cousin Patroclus to fight in his armor and Patroclus was killed by the Trojan warrior Hector. Achilles, in a terrible rage, returned to battle and killed Hector dragging his body around the walls of Troy. Paris killed then killed Achilles with an arrow guided by Apollo to the heel of Achilles.
Myths of Famous Demigods - Perseus
Perseus was a demigod and a son of Zeus and the Danae. His adventures play an important part in Greek Mythology. Perseus was sent on an impossible quest by King Polydectes, who hoped that Perseus would killed. He sent the demigod Perseus to fetch the head of the Gorgon Medusa, thinking that Perseus would die in the attempt. The Greek gods intervened and gave Perseus some magical weapons. The greek god Hermes gave him a curved sword and winged sandals, the Greek goddess Athena gave Perseus a mirror-like shield, and the god Hades gave Perseus a helmet that made him invisible. Perseus had to consult the Graeae (the Gray Witches) to find out the whereabouts of the Gorgon Medusa. The Graeae were three perpetually old women, who had to share one eye and one tooth among them. The demigod Perseus tricked the old women by taking their eye forcing them to tell him where he could find the gorgons, their sisters. Perseus slew Medusa and rescued Andromeda from a sea monster and married her. Perseus gave the Medusa head to the goddess Athena.
Myths of Famous Demigods - Theseus
There are many famous myths surrounding the Greek Demigod Theseus. Theseus was a demigod and a son of Poseidon and Aethra. Theseus slew many legendary villains, including Sinis, Sciron, and Procrustes. But his greatest triumph was in killing the Minotaur that was owned by King Minos of Crete and kept in a labyrinth at Knossos. The minotaur was a fierce monster, half man and half bull. Theseus was imprisoned in Hades until Hercules rescued him. The demigod Theseus was treacherously murdered by King Lycomedes.
Female Demigods - Helen of Troy, Harmonia and Clymene
Three famous female demigods (demigoddesses) are Clymene, Harmonia and, surprisingly to some, Helen of Troy. Clymene was a demigod and the daughter of the Titan gods Oceanus and Tethys and the mother of Atlas and Prometheus. Harmonia was the daughter of Zeus and Electra and was the wife of Cadmus. The gods turned Harmonia into a serpent.
Female Demigods - Helen of Troy
The beautiful Helen was the daughter of the Greek god Zeus and Leda who was the wife of wife of Tyndareus, the king of Sparta. According to Greek mythology Leda was seduced by Zeus, who visited her in the form of a swan. Helen was the sister of Castor and Pollux. Helen married Menelaus the, king of Sparta, the younger brother of Agamemnon. Prince Paris of Troy abducted Helen and took her to Troy, which started the nine year Trojan War. The participants of the Trojan War included included heroes such as Hector, Achilles, Odysseus, and Ajax. The Greeks built a large hollow wooden horse in which a small group of warriors were concealed. The Trojans took the horse within the city walls. At night the Greeks crept out of the horse and opened the city gates, and Troy was destroyed. The Greek gods took great interest in the war. Poseidon, Hera, and Athena helped the Greeks, whilst Aphrodite and Ares helped the Trojans. Zeus and Apollo remained impartial. The legend of the demigods involved in the Trojan War were documented in the the Iliad and Odyssey. Helen of Troy was reconciled with Menelaus after the war, and returned to Sparta.