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Greek & Roman Mythology starting with 'S'

Tales beyond belief

Greek and Roman Mythology starting with 'S'
Short definitions in the Greek and Roman Mythology Dictionary and glossary of terms starting with the letter 'S'.

Salacia: Same as Amphitrite; wife of Neptune


Salii: Priests appointed to watch the sacred shields in Rome

Salmoneus: King who wished to emulate Jupiter

Sarpedon: Son of Jupiter and Europa
 - slain during the Trojan war

Saturn, or Cronus: Son of Uranus and Gaea
 - father of Jupiter
 - Italy ruled by,
 - husband of Rhea
 - day of

Satyrs: Male divinities of the woods, half man, half goat

Scaean Gate: Gate which led from Troy to the plain

Sciron: Giant encountered by Theseus on the Isthmus of Corinth,

Scylla: Sea nymph changed to monster by Circe. She lived under rock of same

Scyros: Island in the Archipelago, the home of Lycomedes, visited by Achilles
and Theseus

Scythia: Country north of the Euxine Sea

Seasons: The four daughters of Jupiter and Themis

Secular Games: Games in honor of
Pluto every hundred years

Selene: Greek goddess of the moon, Roman counterpart Luna

Semele: Daughter of Cadmus; wife of Jupiter; mother of Bacchus

Seriphus: Island where Danae and Perseus were cast ashore,

Servius Tullius: Sixth king of Rome; son of
Vulcan and Ocrisia

Sestus: City opposite Abydus; the home of Hero

Seven Wonders of the World,

Sibyl: Prophetess of Cumae, who led Aeneas down to the infernal Regions

Sicania: Land where Anchises died; visited twice by Aeneas

Sicily: Island home of Polyphemus; visited by Arion
 - visited by
 - visited by Ulysses
 - visited by Aeneas,

Silenus: Tutor of Bacchus; generally represented on an ass

Silvanus: God of the woods; one of the lesser Roman divinities

Silver Age: Second age of the ancient world

Silvia: Daughter of Latin shepherd; her stag was wounded by Iulus

Sinis (The Pinebender): Giant encountered and slain by Theseus

Sinon: Greek slave, who advised the Trojans to secure the wooden horse,

Sipylus: Mountain where stood the statue of Niobe

Sirens: Maidens who allured mariners by their wondrous songs

Sirius: Favorite dog of Orion; a constellation,

Sisyphus: King condemned to roll a rock in Tartarus to the top of a steep hill,

Sol: Name frequently given to Apollo as god of the sun

Somnus: God of sleep; the child of Nox, and twin brother of Mors

Sparta: Capital of Lacedaemon; favorite city of Juno
 - home of Menelaus

Sphinx: Riddlegiving monster; slain by Oedipus
Stellio: Urchin changed to lizard by Ceres when searching for Proserpina

Steropes (Lightning): One of the Cyclopes; son of Uranus and Gaea

 Stheno: One of the three Gorgon sisters, immortal, like Euryale

Strophades: Islands where the Harpies took refuge when driven from Thrace
 - Aeneas visits the

Strophius: Father of Pylades; shelters Orestes

Stymphalus: Lake upon whose banks Hercules slew the brazen clawed birds

Styx: River in Hades, by whose waters the gods swore their most sacred oaths
 - Achilles bathed in the

Suadela: One of
Venus train of attendants; god of the soft speech of love

Sychaeus: King of Tyre; husband of Dido; murdered by Pygmalion

Symplegades: Floating rocks safely passed by the Argo

Syrinx: Nymph loved by Pan, and changed into reeds,

Gods and Deities
Greek and Roman Gods & Mythology

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