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Greek & Roman Mythology starting with 'P'

Tales beyond belief

Greek and Roman Mythology starting with 'P'
Short definitions in the Greek and Roman Mythology Dictionary and glossary of terms starting with the letter 'P'.

Pactolus: River in Asia Minor in which Midas washed, to remove his golden plague


Paean: Doctor of the Greek gods, No Roman counterpart

Palaemon: Greek god of sailors, Roman counterpart Portunus. Son of Athamas and Ino; changed into sea god

Palamedes: Messenger sent to summon Ulysses to war against Troy

Palinurus: Aeneas’ pilot; lost at sea off Cape Misenum,

Palladium: Statue of
 - stolen from Troy by Ulysses and Diomedes,

Pallas Titan Greek god of warfare, Roman counterpart No Roman counterpart

Pallas: Name given to Minerva in Athens
Son of Evander; slain by Turnus while fighting for Aeneas,

Pallor: Special attendant of Mars; lover of strife

Pan: Greek god of the Wild and fertility, Roman counterpart Faunus or Consentes, god of nature and the universe,

Panathenaea: Festivals held in honor of Minerva

Pandora: First woman; created in heaven, she brings evil into the world,

Parcae: The Fates, or Moerae; they spin the thread of destiny

Paris: Son of Priam and Hecuba
 - judgment of
 - visits Troy,
 - elopes with Helen
 - duel with Menelaus
 - in battle
 - Achilles slain by
 - death of

Parnassus: Mountain in Greece,
 - sacred to Apollo and the Muses

Parthenium: Mountain upon which Atalanta was exposed

Parthenon: Temple dedicated to Minerva at Athens

Patroclus: Friend of Achilles; slain by Hector

Pegasus: Steed born from the sea foam and the blood of Medusa,
 - Bellerophon rides
Peleus: Husband of Thetis; father of Achilles,

Pelias: Uncle of Jason; brother of Neleus
 - usurps the throne of Aeson,

Pelion: A high mountain in Thessaly, piled upon Ossa by the giants to reach

Peloponnesus: The peninsula south of Greece,

Pelops: Son of Tantalus; gave his name to the Peloponnesus
 - father of Copreus

Penates: Household gods worshiped in Rome with the Lares,
 - Aeneas saves the

Penelope: Wife of Ulysses
 - suitors of

A nymph, the mother of Pan

Peneus: River god; father of Daphne; changes Daphne into a laurel: Name of a river in Greece

Penthesilea: Queen of
Amazons; slain during Trojan war

Pentheus: King of Thebes; refuses to receive Bacchus, and is slain,

Periphetes: Son of
 - encountered and slain by Theseus

Persephone: Persephone Greek goddess of spring and flowers, queen of the Underworld, Roman counterpart Proserpina, goddess of vegetation

Perseus: Son of Jupiter and Danae; slays Medusa

Petasus: Name given to the winged cap worn by

Phaeacians: People who dwelt in Scheria, and sent Ulysses home

Phaedra: Daughter of Minos; wife of Theseus

Phaeton: Son of Apollo and Clymene; drives the sun car, and is slain

Phaetusa: Sister of Phaeton; one of the Heliades
 - Apollo’s flocks guarded by

Pherephatta: Name given to Persephone, or Proserpina

Phidias: Noted Greek sculptor; made statues of the gods,

Philemon: Husband of Baucis; changed into an oak,

Philoctetes: Friend of Hercules; receives his arrows

Philonoe: Daughter of Iobates; wife of Bellerophon

Phineus: The blind king of Thrace; annoyed by the Harpies

Phlegethon: One of the rivers of Hades; a river of fire

Phobos: Greek god of fear and panic, Roman counterpart Timor. One of the attendants of Mars, god of war

Phocis: Province in Greece, bounded by Doris, Locris, and the Gulf of Corinth

Phoebe: One of the Titanides,
 - same as Diana

Phoebus: Name given to Apollo, god of the sun and of medicine,

Phoenicia: Province in Asia Minor, named after Phoenix

Phoenix: Brother of Europa, who gave his name to Phoenicia,

Phryxus: Son of Athamas and Nephele; rides on goldenfleeced ram to Colchis,
Pirene: Fountain near Corinth, where Pegasus drinks

Pirithous: King of the Lapithae; friend of Theseus

Pleiades: Seven of Diana’s nymphs; pursued by Orion and changed into stars

Pluto: Same as Hades, Dis, Aïdoneus, etc: god of the Infernal Regions
 - birth of
 - Proserpina kidnapped by
 - Arethusa sees
 - Ceres visits
 - Perseus aided by
 - Theseus punished by
Plutus: Name given to Pluto when invoked as god of wealth

Podalirius: Son of Aesculapius; skilled in medicine

Podarces: Same as Priam, King of Troy;
slain by Pyrrhus

Polites: Last of Priam’s sons; slain at his feet by Pyrrhus

Pollux: Son of Jupiter and Leda; brother of Castor, Helen, and Clytaemnestra
Castor and Pollux were known by the name of the Dioscuri, from dios, gods, and kuroi, youths:
Polybus: King of Corinth; adopted Oedipus when forsaken by the servant

Polydectes: King of Seriphus; sends Perseus in quest of Medusa,

Polydorus: Trojan youth, murdered in Thrace; his grave discovered by Aeneas

Polyhymnia: Muse of rhetoric; daughter of Jupiter and Mnemosyne

Polynices: Son of Oedipus
 - slain by Eteocles
 - buried by Antigone

Polyphemus: Giant son of
 - Ulysses visits
 - Galatea loved by
 - blinded by Ulysses
 - Achemenides escapes from

Polyxena: Daughter of Priam; affianced wife of Achilles

Pomona: Goddess of the orchards; wife of Vertumnus

Pontus: Name given to the sea when first created,

Poseidon: Greek god of the Sea, Roman counterpart Neptune also of horse trainers

Pothos: God of the amities of love; one of the numerous attendants of

Priam: Same as Podarces
 - King of Troy
 - Paris received by
 - duel witnessed by
 - Hector, son of
 - Hector’s death seen by
 - Mercury leads
 - Polyxena, daughter of
 - death of,

Priapus: God of the shade; pursues the nymph Lotis,

Procris: Wife of Cephalus; slain by his unerring javelin,
Procrustes (The Stretcher): Encountered and slain by Theseus

Proetus: Husband of Anteia, and kinsman of Bellerophon,

Prometheus (Forethought): Greek god of forethought, Roman counterpart Prometheus
Son of Iapetus; man created by
 - Olympus visited by
 - chained to Caucasian Mountains
 - Hercules delivers,
 - Deucalion, son of
Epimetheus signifies after-thought, Prometheus fore-thought:  

Proserpina: Same as Proserpine and Persephone; goddess of vegetation
 - Orpheus visits
 - Adonis welcomed by
 - Pluto kidnaps
 - emblem of death

Protesilaus: First Greek who landed on Trojan coast,

Proteus: Inferior sea divinity; shepherd of the deep
 - Menelaus consults

Psyche: Greek goddess of compassion. Fair princess loved by Cupid; the emblem of the soul

Psychopompus: Name given to Mercury as leader of souls to Hades,

Pygmalion: Celebrated sculptor, who loves a statue,
Brother of Dido; murderer of Sychaeus, Dido’s husband

Pygmies: Race of small people in Africa; defended by Antaeus,

Pylades: Son of Strophius; intimate friend of Orestes

Pyramus: Faithful lover of Thisbe; commits suicide,

Pyrrha: Wife of Deucalion; the only woman who survives the Flood,

Pyrrhus: Same as Neoptolemus; son of Achilles

Pytheus: Surname given to Apollo as python slayer,

Pythia: Name given to Apollo’s priestess at Delphi

Pythian Games: Games celebrated at Delphi every three years

Python: Serpent born of the Deluge slime; slain by Apollo
This frightful monster had sprung from the slimy and stagnant waters which remained on the surface of the earth after the deluge of Deucalion

Gods and Deities
Greek and Roman Gods & Mythology

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