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Greek & Roman Mythology starting with 'H'

Tales beyond belief

Greek and Roman Mythology starting with 'H'
Short definitions in the Greek and Roman Mythology Dictionary and glossary of terms starting with the letter 'H'.

Hades: The Infernal Region, kingdom of Pluto. Greek god of the Underworld, Roman counterpart Pluto
 - Hercules’ visit to
 - Orpheus’ visit to
 - Adonis’ visit to

 - Psyche’s visit to
Mercury conducts souls to,
Proserpina’s visit to,
 - Lara conducted to
 - Theseus’ visit to
 - Pollux in
 - Oedipus in
 - Ulysses’ visit to
 - Aeneas’ visit to

Haemon: Son of Creon; lover of Antigone

Halcyone: Wife of Ceyx, King of Thessaly,

Halirrhothius: Son of
Neptune; slain by Mars

Hamadryades: Nymphs who lived and died with the trees they inhabited,

Harmonia: Greek goddess of harmony, agreement & understanding , Roman counterpart Concordia
Daughter of Mars and
 - wife of Cadmus
 - mother of Semele

Harpies: Monsters, half woman, half bird; banished to Strophades Islands
 - Aeneas sees

Creation of
 - realm of
 - Atlas, supporter of
Hebe: Greek goddess of youth, Roman counterpart Juventas
 - cupbearer of the gods
 - wife of Hercules

Hebrus: River in which the Bacchantes cast Orpheus’ remains

Hecate: Greek goddess of magic and witchcraft, Roman counterpart Hekate (often confused with Trivia)

Hector: Son of Priam; leader of Trojan army
 - slain by Achilles
 - Priam buries
 - shade of
 - widow of

Hecuba: Wife of Priam; mother of Paris and Hector,
 - Hector seen by
 - captivity of

Helen: Daughter of Jupiter and Leda; wife of Menelaus; kidnapped by Paris
 - kidnapped by Theseus
 - Paris upbraided by
 - return of
 - Aeneas wishes to slay

Helenus: King of Epirus, whose slave Andromache became after the death of

Heliades: Sisters of Phaeton; changed into trees

Helicon: Mountain in Greece, sacred to Apollo and Muses,

Helios: Name of Apollo as god of the sun,

Helle: Daughter of Athamas and Nephele; drowned in the Hellespont

Hellen: Son of Deucalion; ancestor of the Hellenes

Hellenes: Name given to ancient Greeks

Hellespont: Name given to the strait from Helle
 - Leander swims across the

Hemera (Day): One of the first divinities, who rules with Aether (Light),

Hephaestia: Festivals in honor of Hephaestus, or Vulcan

Hephaestus: Greek god of fire and metal-working. Roman Name
Vulcan, god of the forge

Name given to Juno, queen of heaven, and goddess of the atmosphere and
of marriage. The ancient Greeks attributed much of the subsequent character of an individual to early influences; hence Hera, the future queen and mistress of heaven, is represented as being brought up in a domesticated and orderly household, with home virtues

Heracles: Greek god of strength, Roman counterpart Hercules
son of Jupiter and Alcmene

Hesiod: Hesiod is said to have lived 850 years before the Christian era, consequently about 200 years after King David. He lived in Bœotia, where his tomb is still shown at Orchomenus. This ancient writer left behind him two great poems, one entitled "The Works and Days," in which he gives us some of the earliest Greek legends, and the other, "The Theogony," containing the genealogies of the gods; but, unfortunately, both these poems have been so interpolated by the writers of the Alexandrian school that they have lost their value as reliable sources of information with regard to the early beliefs of the Greek nation

Heraeum: Town dedicated to the service of Juno

Hercules: Same as Heracles, god of all athletic games
 - Prometheus delivered by
 - Hades visited by
 - Hesione delivered by
 - Centaurs defeated by
 - Argonautic expedition joined by,
 - arrows of
 - apparition of

Hermes: Messenger of the Olympian Greek gods, Roman counterpart Mercury

Hermione: Same as Harmonia; daughter of Venus and Mars

Hero: Maiden loved by Leander, who swam the Hellespont to visit her

Hesione: Daughter of Laomedon; rescued from sea monster by Hercules

Hesperia: Ancient name of Italy, so called by Aeneas,

Hesperides: Daughters of Hesperus, guardians of golden apples

Hesperus: God of the West; father of the Hesperides,

Hestia: Hestia Greek goddess of the home and hearth, Roman counterpart Vesta

Himerus: God of the desire of love; attendant in Venus’ numerous train
Hippocrene:  Fountain created by Pegasus

Hippodamia: Wife of Pirithous; almost carried off by the Centaurs

Hippolyte: Queen of the
 - Theseus’ wife

Hippolytus: Son of Theseus and Hippolyte
 - loved by Phaedra

Hippomenes: Same as Milanion; lover of Atalanta

Hope: The good spirit in Pandora’s box; an ancient deity

Horae: Collective name of the seasons; Venus’ attendants

Horn Gate: Gate leading from cave of Somnus to outer world,

Hours: Attendants of Apollo
 - attendants of Venus

Hundredhanded, the: Same as Centimani

Hupnos: Same as Somnus, god of sleep

Hyacinthus: Youth loved by Apollo and Zephyrus; changed to a flower

Hydra: Monster serpent slain by Hercules in the swamp of Lerna,

Hygeia: Daughter of Aesculapius; watched over health of man

Hylas: Youth loved by Hercules; stolen by the water nymphs

Hymen: God of marriage; attendant of Venus

Hymettus: Mountain in Attica

Hyperborean Mountains: The mountains separating the land of the Hyperboreans from Thrace

Hyperboreans: People north of Oceanus, a virtuous race

Hyperion: The Titan who had charge of the sun chariot

Hypermnestra: Daughter of Danaus; saves her husband

Hypnos Greek god of Sleep, Roman counterpart Somnus

Gods and Deities
Greek and Roman Gods & Mythology

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