Who was Cronus?
Cronus was the Titan god of time and the ages and one of the extraordinary number of gods and goddesses worshipped by the Ancient Greeks. The Titans were the descendents of the first gods or divinities, called the primordial or primeval gods, who were born out of Chaos. The first 12 Titans, that included Cronus were a race of powerful, giant gods from the union of the primordial deities Gaia and Uranus. Cronus was the youngest son of Gaia and Uranus who became the ruler of the Titans. He married his sister Rhea, one of the Titanides. Their children were Demeter, Hestia, Hera, Hades, Poseidon and Zeus. Cronus who was de-throned by his son Zeus in the Titanomachy. The legend and myth about Cronus, the god of time and the ages, and the Titans has been passed down through the ages and plays an important role in the history of the Ancient World of Greece and the study of the Greek classics.
Facts about Cronus
Cronus features in the Creation myth of the ancient Greeks which are based on the idea that these supernatural beings resembled mortals but were of gigantic proportions and possessed great magical and mystic powers.
Alternate Names: Kronos, Cronos
Role & Function: The function of Cronus is described as being the god of time and the ages
Status: A principle god in the first dynasty of Titans
Name of Wife / Consort: Rhea
Name of Father: Uranus
Name of Mother: Gaia
Names of Brothers (Titans): Oceanus, Hyperion, Coeus, Crius and Iapetus
Names of Sisters (Titanides): Mnemosyne, Tethys, Theia, Phoebe, Rhea and Themis
Names of Children: Demeter, Hestia, Hera, Hades, Poseidon and Zeus
The Children of Cronus and Rhea
The famous children of Cronus and Rhea were Hera, Demeter, Hestia, Hades, Poseidon and Zeus.
Zeus became the king of the Olympian gods and was the god of the heavens. He married his sister Hera and together they had three children, Ares, Hebe and Hephaestus
Hera became the Queen of the Olympian gods and was the Greek goddess of the family
Hestia became the goddess of the hearth and the home
Hades became the god of the Underworld and the dead
Poseidon became the god god of the sea, tempests, storms and earthquakes
Cronus was also the grandfather of Ares, Hebe, Hephaestus and Persephone.
The Imprisonment of Cronus and the Titans
According to the ancient Greek Creation myth Uranus, the father of Cronus and the other Titans, was terrified of the massive size and strength of his gigantic children and to prevent them rebelling against him, Uranus seized them immediately after their birth and hurled them down into a dark abyss called Tartarus, where he kept his Titan children in chains. Their mother, Gaia, helped them to escape and, led by Cronus, they overthrew their father and took power as the Titan gods. Cronus was no better than his father which led to the War of the Titans.
The Titanomachy in Greek Mythology
The Battle of the Titans, called the Titanomachy, was a 10 year war and power struggle that was fought between the Titans and the gods and goddesses who would become known as the Olympians. In ancient Greek mythology Mount Othrys was the base of the Titans during the Battle of the Titans and Mount Olympus was the base of the Olympian gods and goddesses led by Zeus. Mnemosyne, Themis, Cronus, and Hyperion choose to join the Olympians.
Facts about Cronus in Greek Mythology
Discover interesting information and facts about Cronus, the Titan god of time and the ages.
Cronus led the Titans against the Olympians in the War of the Titans
Cronus was kept in chains by his father Uranus in the dark abyss of Tartarus in the Underworld
His mother Gaia helped him to escape from Tartarus and rebel against his father
According to ancient Greek mythology he castrated his father with a sickle
He released all of his siblings from their prison in Tartarus and took the position as the supreme ruler of the Titan gods
His father prophesied that a day would come when Cronus would also be supplanted by his children
To avoid the prophecy from coming true, he swallowed all of his children when they were born. As the children were immortal, he could not kill them, they remained trapped inside his body
Rhea tricked her husband and Zeus fought his father and released his siblings who were still living in the stomach of Cronus
The children of Cronus, led by Zeus, fought a ten year battle against the Titans in the Titanomachy, which ended in victory for the Olympians
He eventually withdrew to found a new kingdom where he reigned in peace