Who was Mnemosyne?
Mnemosyne was the Titan goddess of memory and the inventor of words and one of the extraordinary number of gods and goddesses worshipped by the Ancient Greeks. The female Titans were called the Titanides. The Titans were the descendents of the first gods or divinities, called the primordial or primeval gods, who were born out of Chaos. The first 12 Titans, that included Mnemosyne were a race of powerful, giant gods from the union of the primordial deities Gaia and Uranus. Mnemosyne was a daughter of Gaia and Uranus and the mother of the nine Muses by Zeus. The children of the Titans became known as the famous Olympian gods. The legend and myth about Mnemosyne, the Titan goddess of memory and the inventor of words has been passed down through the ages and plays an important role in the history of the Ancient World of Greece and the study of the Greek classics.
Facts about Mnemosyne
Mnemosyne features in the Creation myth of the ancient Greeks which are based on the idea that these supernatural beings resembled mortals but were of gigantic proportions and possessed great magical and mystic powers.
Role & Function: The function of Mnemosyne is described as being the goddess of memory and the inventor of words
Status: A principle goddess in the first dynasty of Titans
Name of Consort: Zeus
Name of Father: Uranus
Name of Mother: Gaia
Names of Brothers (Titans): Oceanus, Hyperion, Coeus, Cronus, Crius and Iapetus
Names of Sisters (Titanides): Tethys, Theia, Phoebe, Rhea and Themis
Names of Children: The Nine Muses
The Children of Mnemosyne and Zeus
The children of Mnemosyne and Zeus were collectively known as the Muses. The Muses were nine young, beautiful maidens who became the representatives of poetry, the arts, the sciences and sources of inspiration. The names of the nine Muses were Clio, Thalia, Erato, Euterpe, Polyhymnia, Calliope, Terpsichore, Urania and Melpomene.
Facts about Mnemosyne in Greek Mythology
Discover interesting information and facts about Mnemosyne, the Titan goddess of memory and the inventor of words.
Mnemosyne took the side of the Olympians in the War of the Titans
The Titans were associated with the various planets
Zeus and Mnemosyne slept together for nine consecutive nights and thus created the nine Muses
She was the guardian of memory before the advent of writing and literacy
She is also the Goddess of teachers
Her name means "remembrance" in Greek
The Imprisonment of Mnemosyne and the Titans
According to the ancient Greek Creation myth Uranus, the father of Mnemosyne and the other Titans, was terrified of the massive size and strength of his gigantic children and to prevent them rebelling against him, Uranus seized them immediately after their birth and hurled them down into a dark abyss called Tartarus, where he kept his Titan children in chains. Their mother, Gaia, helped them to escape and, led by Cronus, they overthrew their father and took power as the Titan gods. Cronus was no better than his father which led to the War of the Titans.
The Titanomachy in Greek Mythology
The Battle of the Titans, called the Titanomachy, was a 10 year war and power struggle that was fought between the Titans and the gods and goddesses who would become known as the Olympians. In ancient Greek mythology Mount Othrys was the base of the Titans during the Battle of the Titans and Mount Olympus was the base of the Olympian gods and goddesses led by Zeus. Mnemosyne, Themis, Oceanus, and Hyperion choose to join the Olympians.