Who was Coeus?
Coeus was the Titan god of Intelligence and one of the extraordinary number of gods and goddesses worshipped by the Ancient Greeks. The Titans were the descendents of the first gods or divinities, called the primordial or primeval gods, who were born out of Chaos. The first 12 Titans, that included Coeus were a race of powerful, giant gods from the union of the primordial deities Gaia and Uranus. Coeus was the husband of Phoebe. Their children were Leto and Asteria. They were the grandparents of Apollo and Artemis. The legend and myth about Coeus, the god of Intelligence, and the Titans has been passed down through the ages and plays an important role in the history of the Ancient World of Greece and the study of the Greek classics.
Facts about Coeus
Coeus features in the Creation myth of the ancient Greeks which are based on the idea that these supernatural beings resembled mortals but were of gigantic proportions and possessed great magical and mystic powers. The following information, facts and profile provides a fast overview of Coeus:
Alternate Names: Koios. He was also known as Polos.
Role & Function: The function of Coeus is described as being the god of Intelligence
Status: A principle god in the first dynasty of Titans
Name of Wife / Consort: Phoebe
Name of Father: Uranus
Name of Mother: Gaia
Names of Brothers (Titans): Oceanus, Hyperion, Cronus, Crius and Iapetus
Names of Sisters (Titanides): Mnemosyne, Tethys, Theia, Phoebe, Rhea and Themis
Names of Children: Leto and Asteria
Names of Grandchildren: Apollo and Artemis
The Children of Coeus & Phoebe
The children of Coeus and Phoebe were Leto and Asteria. Asteria was the goddess of nocturnal oracles and falling stars. Her union with Perses produced Hecate, the prophetic goddess of magic, witchcraft, spectres. Leto was the prophetic goddess of motherhood and modesty. Her union with Zeus produced her twins, Apollo and Artemis, the Letoides. Coeus was therefore the grandfather of Apollo, the Olympian god of the and Artemis, the Olympian goddess of hunting.
Facts about Coeus in Greek Mythology
Discover interesting information and facts about Coeus, the Titan god of Intelligence.
The Titanomachy in Greek Mythology
Coeus took the side of the Olympians in the War of the Titans
Coeus and his brothers Crius, Hyperion and Iapetus were posted at the four corners of the world where they seized hold of their father, Uranus the Sky god, and held him fast, while Cronus, hidden in the centre, castrated him with a sickle.
The four brothers represented the points of connection between sky and earth where the four compass directions meet. Coeus was the pillar of the north.
The Titans were associated with the various planets, he was associated with the planet Mercury for wisdom
He was sometimes described as a leader of the Gigantes and played this role in the Battle of the Giants called the Gigantomachy. The Gigantes were a tribe of 100 giants who were the offspring of Gaia.
After the Titan War all the Titan brothers were banished into Tartarus by Zeus but Coeus was released and fled to the north from Zeus, and was regarded as the north star Polaris
His name means "query" or "questioning"
The Imprisonment of Coeus and the Titans
According to the ancient Greek Creation myth Uranus, the father of Coeus and the other Titans, was terrified of the massive size and strength of his gigantic children and to prevent them rebelling against him, Uranus seized them immediately after their birth and hurled them down into a dark abyss called Tartarus, where he kept his Titan children in chains. Their mother, Gaia, helped them to escape and, led by Cronus, they overthrew their father and took power as the Titan gods. Cronus was no better than his father which led to the War of the Titans.
The Battle of the Titans, called the Titanomachy, was a 10 year war and power struggle that was fought between the Titans and the gods and goddesses who would become known as the Olympians. In ancient Greek mythology Mount Othrys was the base of the Titans during the Battle of the Titans and Mount Olympus was the base of the Olympian gods and goddesses led by Zeus. Mnemosyne, Themis, Coeus, and Hyperion choose to join the Olympians. The male Titans were eventually all deposed by Zeus and cast into the pit of Tartarus.