Although she was the wife of Vulcan she had many
lovers including Mars, the god of war and the
Adonis. She possessed an
embroidered girdle, called the Cestus, which had
the power of inspiring love and desire. The Greek counterpart of this ancient Roman deity was
Venus was the Roman goddess of love and beauty. The first day of the month on the Roman
calendar was the Kalends. On the kalends of
April (April 1), the Romans celebrated a
festival to honor Venus, known as the Veneralia.
During the festival both women and men of all
classes invoked the goddess for her assistance
in affairs of the heart, sex, betrothal and
marriage. There were many myths and legends
surrounding this beautiful goddess in ancient
mythology, refer to the
Apple of Discord,
Goddess of Beauty.
Facts about Venus
The following facts and profile provides a fast
overview of Venus:
Roman Name: Venus
Role & Function: The function of Venus is
described as being the goddess of love,
beauty, sexuality, passion and desire
Status: Major Goddess and one of the 'Dei
Consentes', the Council of Gods.
Symbols: the dolphin, scallop shell, rose,
dove, pomegranate, pearl, mirror and girdle.
Greek Counterpart: The Greek name for this
goddess was Aphrodite
Name of Husband: Vulcan
Name of Father: Jupiter
Name of Mother: Dione
Names of Children: None by her husband, but
many children by her lovers including Cupid,
god of love by Mars, the Roman god of war
Venus in Roman Mythology
Discover interesting information and facts
about Venus, the Roman goddess of love and
She was the daughter of Jupiter and Dione
and the wife of Vulcan. Dione was one of the
Oceanides, a descendent of the Titans.
The names of her lovers who included Mars,
Bacchus, Mercury, Neptune, Anchises, Adonis,
Butes, Phaon and Phaethon.
The names of the children of Aphrodite
included Anteros, Aeneas, Astynoos, Beroe,
Deimos, Cupid, Eryx, the Erotes, Eunomia,
Concordia, Hermaphroditos, Himeros, Iakkhos,
Peitho, Phobos, Pothos, Priapos, Rhodoe,
Tyche, Herophilos and Lyros.
The rose and the myrtle are sacred to Venus
and connected with the Story of Adonis.
The pomegranate was sacred to the goddess
symbolizing the consummation of marriage and
the loss of female virginity
Vulcan made Venus a beautiful golden
carriage that was drawn by doves.
Her children by Mars were Phobos (fear),
Deimos (terror), Concordia (harmony), Cupid
(love) Himeros (desire), Pothos (passion),
and Anteros (mutual love)
She ordered Psyche to go to the infernal
regions of Underworld to ask Proserpina, the
consort of Pluto for a box of precious
All of the gods were charmed with her beauty
and each one demanded her for his wife.
Jupiter gave her to Vulcan, in gratitude for
the service he had rendered in forging
thunderbolts. The most beautiful of all the
goddesses became the wife of the ugliest of
Venus was often associated with lust,
whereas Verticordia was the goddess of
The Veneralia was the Ancient Roman festival
of Venus Verticordia and was held on April
The Veneralia included rites such as the
ritual bathing of the cult statue of Venus.
The jewelry, which included beautiful golden
necklaces was removed from her statue and
then she was offered sacrifices of flowers,
The other sacrifices offered to Venus, were
white and female goats and swine, with
libations of wine, milk and honey with
The Veneralia was a day for Roman women to
seek divine support and aid in their love
Pygmalion was a sculptor who made a statue
that was more beautiful than any woman that
had ever lived. He prayed to the goddess of
love to change his statue into a real woman
and she granted his wish.
Suadela was one of her train of
attendants; the god of the soft speech of
love. Pothos, the god of the amities of love
was also part of her retinue