Although she was the wife of Vulcan she had many lovers including Mars, the god of war and the handsome shepherd Adonis. She possessed an embroidered girdle, called the Cestus, which had the power of inspiring love and desire. The Greek counterpart of this ancient Roman deity was Aphrodite.
Who was Venus?
Venus was the Roman goddess of love and beauty. The first day of the month on the Roman calendar was the Kalends. On the kalends of April (April 1), the Romans celebrated a festival to honor Venus, known as the Veneralia. During the festival both women and men of all classes invoked the goddess for her assistance in affairs of the heart, sex, betrothal and marriage. There were many myths and legends surrounding this beautiful goddess in ancient mythology, refer to the Apple of Discord, Proserpine, Adonis and the Goddess of Beauty.
Facts about Venus
The following facts and profile provides a fast overview of Venus:
Roman Name: Venus
Role & Function: The function of Venus is described as being the goddess of love, beauty, sexuality, passion and desire
Status: Major Goddess and one of the 'Dei Consentes', the Council of Gods.
Symbols: the dolphin, scallop shell, rose, dove, pomegranate, pearl, mirror and girdle.
Greek Counterpart: The Greek name for this goddess was Aphrodite
Name of Husband: Vulcan
Name of Father: Jupiter
Name of Mother: Dione
Names of Children: None by her husband, but many children by her lovers including Cupid, god of love by Mars, the Roman god of war
Facts about Venus in Roman Mythology
Discover interesting information and facts about Venus, the Roman goddess of love and beauty.
She was the daughter of Jupiter and Dione and the wife of Vulcan. Dione was one of the Oceanides, a descendent of the Titans.
The names of her lovers who included Mars, Bacchus, Mercury, Neptune, Anchises, Adonis, Butes, Phaon and Phaethon.
The names of the children of Aphrodite included Anteros, Aeneas, Astynoos, Beroe, Deimos, Cupid, Eryx, the Erotes, Eunomia, Concordia, Hermaphroditos, Himeros, Iakkhos, Peitho, Phobos, Pothos, Priapos, Rhodoe, Tyche, Herophilos and Lyros.
The rose and the myrtle are sacred to Venus and connected with the Story of Adonis.
The pomegranate was sacred to the goddess symbolizing the consummation of marriage and the loss of female virginity
Vulcan made Venus a beautiful golden carriage that was drawn by doves.
Her children by Mars were Phobos (fear), Deimos (terror), Concordia (harmony), Cupid (love) Himeros (desire), Pothos (passion), and Anteros (mutual love)
She ordered Psyche to go to the infernal regions of Underworld to ask Proserpina, the consort of Pluto for a box of precious ointment.
All of the gods were charmed with her beauty and each one demanded her for his wife. Jupiter gave her to Vulcan, in gratitude for the service he had rendered in forging thunderbolts. The most beautiful of all the goddesses became the wife of the ugliest of the gods.
Venus was often associated with lust, whereas Verticordia was the goddess of chastity
The Veneralia was the Ancient Roman festival of Venus Verticordia and was held on April 1.
The Veneralia included rites such as the ritual bathing of the cult statue of Venus. The jewelry, which included beautiful golden necklaces was removed from her statue and then she was offered sacrifices of flowers, especially roses.
The other sacrifices offered to Venus, were white and female goats and swine, with libations of wine, milk and honey with crushed poppies.
The Veneralia was a day for Roman women to seek divine support and aid in their love lives.
Pygmalion was a sculptor who made a statue that was more beautiful than any woman that had ever lived. He prayed to the goddess of love to change his statue into a real woman and she granted his wish.
Suadela was one of her train of attendants; the god of the soft speech of love. Pothos, the god of the amities of love was also part of her retinue