Principle Roman Gods
Who are all the Roman gods and what are the
Roman gods and goddess names? The names of
the principle Roman gods and the 'Dei Consentes',
the Council of Gods,
were Jupiter (aka Jove), Juno, Vesta, Minerva,
Ceres, Diana, Venus, Mars, Mercury,
Neptune, Vulcan & Apollo.
Roman Gods: Jupiter, who was also called
was the king of the Roman gods
and of the sky and the heavens. Jupiter
was the patron god of the Roman state ruling
over laws and social order. Jupiter was the brother of Vesta,
Pluto, Neptune and Ceres. He married his
sister Juno and together they had three
children; Mars, Juventia and Vulcan. His
symbols were the the aegis (a protective
shield) the oak tree, the eagle, the bull
and the thunderbolt. The largest temple in
Rome was dedicated to the god Jupiter and
situated on the Capitoline Hill.
Roman Gods: Juno
was the Queen of the Roman gods and the goddess of the
marriage. women, especially in
association with childbirth. She married her
brother Jupiter and together they had three
children: Mars, Juventia and Vulcan. Juno is represented by the Romans with a
spear in her hand, and sometimes with a patera
(a shallow dish).
Roman Gods: Neptune
was the name of the god of the sea.
He was a son of the Titans, Cronus and Rhea.
The brother of Jupiter, Vesta, Pluto and
Roman Gods: Mars
was the Roman god of war and the son of
Jupiter and Juno. As Mars Gradivus, the god
of war preceded the Roman armies and
led them to victory. The name of Gradivus was
one of the gods by whom a general or
soldiers might swear an oath to be valorous
in battle. The priests of Mars, the war god, were called the Salii who wore
the full war-dress (trabea and tunica picta)
and were was first instituted by Numa
Roman Gods: Venus
was the goddess of love and
beauty and the daughter of Jupiter and Dione.
The name Venus derives from the Latin word 'vanati'
meaning "desires, loves, wins". Venus had
many children by her lovers including Cupid,
god of love by Mars, the god of war.
The Veneralia was the Ancient Roman festival
of Venus Verticordia and was held on April
Roman Gods: Mercury
was the messenger of the
gods. He was also the Roman god of
finance, gymnasts, thieves, gamblers,
merchants and commerce. He had a
temple and a sacred fount near the Porta
Capena. A famous temple was erected to
Mercury near the Circus Maximus.
Roman Gods: Bacchus
was the Roman god of wine and merry-making and the
son of the Jupiter and Semele. The name of his festival
was 'Bacchanalia' which held between March 15 and
16 and been used to refer to any forms of drunken
Bacchanalia were held in in the grove of
Simila, near the Aventine Hill in Rome. The Latin word 'orgia'
originally meant "secret rites" and from
which the modern word 'orgy' is derived.
Roman Gods: Minerva
was the name of the goddess of wisdom,
the daughter of Jupiter. Her symbols and
weapons reflected her strategic approach and her
preparation for war and were symbols of victory. Minerva was a member of the Capitoline Triad which consisted
of three major gods - Jupiter, Juno and Minerva.
The most important temples in Rome were
dedicated to the triad of gods and situated
on the Capitoline Hill.
Roman Gods: Ceres
was the goddess of agriculture.
The sister of Vesta, Pluto, Neptune and
Jupiter. The mother of Proserpina (by Jupiter)
who was abducted by Pluto and carried off into the
Underworld. Her name originates from the Latin word 'Cerealis'
meaning "of grain" from which we derive the modern word
Roman Gods: Vulcan
was the name of the Roman god of fire and
metal-working and the son of Jupiter
and Juno. His name derives from the Latin
word 'Vulcanus' meaning "fire, flames, volcano". Vulcan was highly honored
by the Romans who debated the most important issues of
the republic in his temple.
Roman Gods: Pluto
was the Roman god of the Underworld and the brother of Jupiter, Vesta, Neptune and
Ceres. Animal Sacrifices were made to Pluto
at the Roman Colosseum where a marble altar was set in
the middle of the arena, complete with a burning fire.
As the god of Death the name of Pluto was used in Roman
Roman Gods: Diana
was the name of the goddess of the hunt
and the moon. She was the daughter of Jupiter and Latona
and the twin sister of
Apollo. As an emblem of chastity she was
especially venerated by young maidens, they
sacrificed their hair to her before marrying. Her name was first known as Diviana
meaning "to shine".
Roman Gods: Apollo
was the name of the god of the sun,
music, healing, archery and prophecy.
The son of Jupiter and Latona, twin of Diana.
As the the source of harmony he was called
Liber Pater and carried a shield to show he
was the protector of mankind, and their
preserver in health and safety.
Roman Gods: Cupid
was the name of the Roman god of erotic
love and beauty.. His name derives from the Latin word 'Cupido'
meaning "desire, love". Cupid had two different types of
arrows which explains this Roman god's association with
both romantic and erotic love.
His daughter called Voluptus was the spirit
of pleasure, desire, and enjoyment.