Facts about Apollo
As the god of the sun it was believed that as
the warmth of the sun was greatly conducive to
good health Apollo also had the power of healing
and medicine. The following facts and profile
provides a fast overview of Apollo:
Roman Name: Apollo
Role & Function: The function of Apollo is
described as being the god of the sun, music,
archery, eloquence, healing and prophecy
Status: Major God and one of the 'Dei Consentes',
the Council of Gods.
Symbols: The golden lyre, the snake, laurel and
Greek Counterpart: The Greek name for this god
was Phoebus Apollo
Name of Wife: Unmarried but had many lovers,
most of whom were doomed
Name of Father: Jupiter
Name of Mother: Latona
Names of Children: Asclepius, Orpheus, Troilus
Apollo in Roman Mythology
Discover interesting information and facts
about Apollo, the Roman god of the sun, music,
archery and prophecy.
Fact 1: He was the son of Jupiter and Latona.
His twin sister was Diana.
Fact 2: The Ludi Apollinares were games held
July 6 to 13 for the Roman people in honour
Fact 3: His son Asclepius was the Roman god
Fact 4: His son by Calliope, was Orpheus the
great musician and a demigod. Read the
mythical love story of Orpheus and Eurydice
in the Underworld
Fact 5: He was the patron of the Oracle of
Delphi (aka Pytho). A terrible serpent
called Python guarded the oracle at Delphi
and Apollo bravely killed the monster.
Fact 6: His son Aristaeus was the god of
bee-keeping, cheese-making, herding,
olive-growing and hunting
Fact 7: He quarrelled with Jupiter, on
account of the death of his son Asclepius
who was killed by Jupiter because of the
complaint of Pluto, that he decreased the
number of the dead by his cures.
Fact 8: He fell in love with Daphne but she
fled from him to preserve her chastity.
Daphne was changed into a laurel, whose
leaves Apollo immediately consecrated to
bind his temples, and the laurel become the
reward of poetry.
Fact 9: His temple at Delphi became so
frequented, that it was called the 'oracle
of the earth'
Fact 10: The seven strings of his lyre was
said to represent the seven planets
Fact 11: As the the source of harmony he was
called Liber Pater and carried a shield to
show he was the protector of mankind, and
their preserver in health and safety
Fact 12: The Emperor Augustus built a temple
in honor of Apollo, on the Palatine Hill. At
the foot of his statue, were deposited two
gilt chests, containing the Sibylline
Fact 13: Cassandra the daughter of Priam of
Troy, was seduced by Apollo who gave her the
gift of prophecy, but when she betrayed him
he amended it so that, though she spoke
truth, none would believe her.
Fact 14: The gigantic statue called the
Colossus of Rhodes was believed to be the
bronze likeness of Apollo that stood at the
entrance to the harbor of Rhodes.
Apollo (Greek Counterpart was Phoebus Apollo)
habitually assimilated various elements from
other cultures and civilisations, including the
gods and goddesses that were worshipped by the
Greeks and other nations. When the Roman Empire
conquered the Greeks in 146BC many of the
Greek gods and goddesses were adopted by the
Romans. The Romans simply changed the
Greek gods names to Latin equivalents. The
Greek counterpart of Apollo was Phoebus
Roman religion significantly differed from the
Greeks in that it was officially endorsed by the
state and exerted influence over the government of
Politicians took the offices of influential priests,
called pontiffs, to gain control of the popular
worship, Roman gods and goddesses
like Apollo were worshipped at every
public event, including the gladiatorial games,
sacrifices were made to the gods. In ancient Rome,
the pantheon of 12 major gods, including
Apollo, were called the 'Dei Consentes' meaning the Council of Gods.