Her name is derived from the Latin word 'abundantis'
meaning to overflow, to have in large measure. The Greek counterpart of this ancient Roman
goddess was Eirene one of the
'the Seasons' and prosperity.
the minor Roman goddess of abundance, good fortune and prosperity
The following picture depicts Abundantia as 'the
beautiful maiden of success' holding the
cornucopia (the horn of plenty). The cornucopia
was a symbol of plentitude, strong harvests and
abundance and depicted as a horn overflowing
with flowers, fruit, vegetables and grain which
never ran empty. According to ancient mythology
the cornucopia was one of the horns of the
mystical she-goat Amaltheia, which was
accidentally broken by Jupiter. To comfort her
he caused the horn to refill itself indefinitely
with food and drink. She was also depicted
standing on the prow of a ship, representing the
overseas conquests of the Roman Empire and the
wealth they provided.
The Worship of Abundantia, the Roman goddess of
abundance and prosperity
The Romans were highly practical and
believed that their gods and goddesses
controlled everything in their lives and
therefore every occupation and task had its
presiding Roman goddess or god.
As a minor goddess there were few temples
specifically dedicated to the worship for Abudantia
found in Rome. Abundantia the Roman goddess of abundance, good fortune and prosperity was,
however, worshipped in
the same way as any other Roman divinity
with prayers and making vows, dedicating
altars, sacrificing animals, birds and
offerings of milk, honey, grain, fruit,
cakes, flowers, perfumes and wine.
White animals were sacrificed to the
goddesses of the upper world whereas black
victims to the deities of the Underworld.
The sex of a sacrificial animal had to
correspond to the sex of the goddess to whom
it was offered. The blood sacrifices made to
Abundantia, the goddess of abundance, good fortune and prosperity, would therefore
have been a white ewe, cow or heifer, sow
or female bird and conducted outside a
temple to one of the major goddesses.