Fact 2: The names of her parents were Cronus
Fact 3: She was one of the 12 Olympian gods
who resided on the summit of Mount Olympus
Fact 4: She was mother of Persephone (by
Zeus) who was abducted by Hades see the
Abduction of Persephone by Hades.
Fact 5: Her chariot was drawn by a pair of
winged dragons (serpent-like monsters).
Fact 6: One of her sons by Poseidon was
called Arion who was a wonderful singer and
Fact 7: The symbols and attributes of the
goddess were the Grain Sheaf, Winged
Serpent, Lotus Staff, Torch, Cornucopia
(horn of plenty) refer to Symbols of
Fact 8: She gave mortals the Mysteries which
give man higher hopes in this life and the
afterlife. The rites and practises held in
honor of Demeter became known as the
Eleusinian Mysteries in which the
participants were promised a special future
in the underworld after death. The
Eleusinian Mysteries contained some of the
most important ceremonies in ancient Greece.
Fact 9: As a punishment for cutting down
trees in a sacred grove she placed Aethon,
the god of famine, in the stomach of
Erysichthon making him permanently famished.
Fact 10: In another famous myth she chose to
teach Triptolemus the art of agriculture. He
rode on her chariot pulled by winged
serpents and taught the people of Greece to
plant and reap crops.
Fact 11: In her ancient form as a
mare-goddess, was ravaged by Poseidon in the
guise of a stallion
Fact 12: At the marriage of Cadmus and
Harmonia, she lured Iasion away from the
celebration and they became lovers
Fact 13: The Roman counterpart to this
goddess is Ceres, from whom the word
"cereal" is derived.
Fact 14: The myth relating to the nursing of
Demophoon tells of the attempts of the
goddess to make the child in her care,
Fact 15: The Thesmophoria was one of the
festivals held in honour of Demeter, in her
role as presiding over marriage and social
institutions resulting from the spread of
agriculture. The Thesmophoria festival was
celebrated exclusively by women.
Fact 16: Famous legends and myths about
Demeter (Ceres) relate to:
The abduction of Persephone by Hades
The punishment of Erysichthon
The nursing of Demophoon
The journeys of Triptolemos
Her conflict with Poseidon