The Greek Sea Gods
According to ancient Greek mythology a Sea God featured in every major dynasty of gods
- The First dynasty of Ancient Greek Gods were the Primeval or Primordial deities
- The Second dynasty were the Titans
- The Third dynasty were the famous Olympian gods
Sea God Names, Roles and Descriptions
- Pontus was the first great god of the sea and was the consort of his sister Gaia, the Earth Mother. The children of Pontus and Gaia were the sea-deities Nereus, Thaumas, Phorcys, Ceto, and Eurybia. Pontus created all the creatures and spirits of the sea and every sea god was descended from his line. Like many deities associated with the ocean he is often depicted with a pair of lobster-claw horns that adorned his head.
- The sea god Poseidon was name of the Greek god of the seas.
- The sea god Neptune was the Roman counterpart of Poseidon
- The sea god Thaumas was the son of Gaia and Pontus. He married an Oceanid called Electra, whose union produced the monstrous Harpies. Thaumas personified the wonders of the sea. His name was derived from the Greek word 'thaumatos' meaning "miracle" or "wonder."
- The Harpies were the daughters of the sea god Thaumas and the Oceanid Electra. The Harpies, whose names were Aello, Ocypete, and Celaeno, were vicious winged monster and the personifications of sudden tempests. They had the faces and bodies of women and the wings and claws of birds.
- Eurybia was a primeval sea goddess and the daughter of Gaia and Pontus. She became the consort to the Titan Crius and gave birth to Astraeus, Perses, and Pallas
- Phorcys was the son of Pontus and Gaia and the sea god of the hidden dangers of the deep. He was consort to his sister Ceto, the primordial sea goddess and their union produced terrible monsters (Echina, Scylla, Ladon, the Sirens, the Gorgons and the Graea)
- Ceto was the primordial sea goddess daughter of Pontus and Gaia. Her consort was Phorcys and their union produced terrible monsters (Echina, Scylla, Sirens, Ladon, the Gorgons and the Graea)
- The Gorgons were the daughters of Phorcys and Ceto. The petrifying gaze of the Gorgons (Euryale, Stheno and Medusa) were believed to have created the reefs and rocks of the sea. The gorgons, in particular Medusa, featured in the mythology of and legend of the hero Perseus.
- Echidna was a daughter of Phorcys and Ceto. Echidna was a monstrous sea dragon, half woman half snake (the mother by Typhon of many monstrous offspring)
- Echidna was another daughter of Phorcys and Ceto. Scylla was a terrifying she-monster who devoured passing sailors
- Ladon was the hundred headed sea serpent, the off-spring of Phorcys and Ceto, that guarded the golden apples in the garden of of the Hesperides
- Oceanus was the lord of the ocean and a principle god in the first dynasty of Titans. He was the son of the primordial gods Uranus and Gaia. His consort was his sister Tethys. Their children were the Oceanides (3000 daughters) and the Potamoi, the river gods (3000 sons). In later myths, Oceanus was replaced by Poseidon.
- The Oceanides were minor goddesses and water nymphs, the 3000 daughters of the Titan gods Oceanus and Tethys.
- The Potamoi were river gods and the 3000 sons of the Titans Oceanus and Tethys. They were the brothers of the Oceanides.
- The Naiades were the daughters of the Potamoi (river gods). The Naiades were water nymphs who were believed to inhabit the freshwater streams, springs, wells, fountains, wetlands, rivers and lakes.
- The Sirens were sea nymphs, part woman and part bird, and the daughters of the Potamoi river-god Achelous and Malpomene, the muse of tragedy. According to ancient Greek mythology the Sirens were fated to die if someone heard their singing and escaped them. They sat on the shore and lured mariners with their seductive and compelling music and song.
- Nereus was the son of Pontus and Gaia. He was referred to as the 'Old Man of the Sea' and lived in the depths of the sea with his wife Doris, an Oceanide sea-nymph, and their daughters, the Nereids Sea Nymphs. Nereus was the personification of the sea in its calm and placid moods and was always ready to assist distressed mariners in danger.
- The Nereids were the 50 daughters of Nereus, the god of the Mediterranean Sea and his wife Doris. The Nereids were the nymphs of the sea who had in their care the rich bounty of the ocean. They aided sailors who needed their help and were attendants and members of the retinue of Poseidon.
- Sea-nymphs were beautiful, supernatural, young maidens who were believed to inhabit the oceans and featured in the legends and mythology of Ancient Greece. The Sea-Nymphs were minor goddesses who were the daughters of Oceanus or Nereus. The names of the groups of sea-nymphs were the Naiades, the Nereids, the Oceanides and the most famous of all were the sea nymphs known as the Sirens and the Mermaids.
- Poseidon was the famous Greek god of the sea who presided over the oceans, tempests, storms and earthquakes. He was commonly called the 'Earth-Shaker'. He was also revered as the father of rivers and fountains. He was the son of the Titans Cronus and Rhea and the father of the merman Triton, Proteus and the sea Nymphs Rhode and Benthesicyme.
- Proteus was the eldest son of Poseidon, his mother was a sea-nymph, or Nereid, called Amphitrite. He was a prophetic sea-god, and the herdsman of the seals of Poseidon. He was a shape-shifter which he used to avoid having to make a prophecy. He would only provide an answer to someone who was capable of capturing him.
- Triton was the son of Poseidon, his mother was a sea-nymph, or Nereid, called Amphitrite. Triton was a messenger and herald for his father. He was usually depicted as a merman, having the upper body of a human and the tail of a fish and carried a trident. His special attribute was a conch shell, on which he blew like a trumpet to calm or raise the waves.
- The Mermaids were the daughters of Poeidon who were sea nymphs, supernatural beings who lived beneath the sea but would occasionally come ashore. These mythical aquatic creatures are depicted with the head and torso of a human female and a fish-like tail.